Pelvic Organ Prolapse: Signs and Treatments

Pelvic Organ Prolapse: Signs and Treatments

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A pelvic organ prolapse commonly occurs in women during childbirth or when a woman has a hysterectomy. The prolapse occurs because the muscles holding internal organs in place like the bladder, urethra, rectum, and bowels get weakened and can no longer hold the organs in their correct anatomical positons. Fortunately, in most cases, the condition isn’t really serious from a health perspective but it can be uncomfortable and painful. Here are the common signs you might be suffering from a pelvic organ prolapse and what treatment options are available to you to make it better. Learn the signs and treatment options that a female pelvic health New York specialist can provide to you.

Signs of a Pelvic Organ Prolapse

You will start to feel internal organs pressing against the vaginal wall. This is caused by the weight of the unsupported organs dropping down in your abdomen and resting against the top of your vagina. The pressure will also make your lower abdomen feel full like when you eat too much and you will sometimes get the feeling that the organs will get pushed through your vagina. You can expect to suffer from urinary incontinence and constipation. Some women complain about experiencing vaginal pain during sex.

Treatment Options

An inspection of the pelvis region will be performed to determine which organs are dropping down in your lower abdomen and how severe the condition has become.

Exercise: Mild cases can usually be treated at home by doing muscle-strengthening exercises. If you are overweight, you will typically be put on a diet to lose weight to relieve the pressure the extra weight puts on your internal organs.

Pessary Device: Moderate cases, especially after you have done the exercises and lost weight, are often treated by using a device called a pessary. A pessary is a removable device that is shaped somewhat like the outer- ring on a diaphragm that you insert it into your vagina to give your muscles extra support. The pessary will hold the organs in the lower abdomen so they don’t press down on the vagina. However, if the prolapse is severe, the pressure in your lower abdomen will push the pessary device out of position and you might need corrective surgery to treat your prolapse.

Surgery: Surgery is the last option and is only used when the case is severe. This is usually done when other treatment options have failed to relieve the pain and discomfort you are experiencing. Surgery can be performed to repair the tissue in your abdomen and around your vagina. In some cases, the uterus is removed.

If you are experiencing the signs of a pelvic organ prolapse, you should give us a call today so you can come in for an examination and we can see what exactly is wrong. Once we know the reason for the prolapse of your internal organs, we can develop a treatment plan to help you feel better.